I want to become a programmer
Step 1: define typification
Typing is the segmentation of variables into several subtypes: int, flow, etc. Typing directly affects how programs will be written and how they will function. It is of several types:
If your chosen language is considered weakly typed, it is more flexible. But at the same time, the transformation of variables is implicit in it. Conversely, languages with stronger typing are not as flexible, but conversions to them are more obvious.
Step 2: we study the “building material” of the sites
HTML and CSS are the backbone of web development in principle. Ask any programmer what exactly he started his journey to IT with, and it will almost with a hundred percent guarantee be HTML + CSS:
HTML is the document markup language.
CSS — cascading style sheets.
With the help of HTML and CSS, you can create the content of web pages and programs, change the design, add various effects, and so on. You can understand the logic and master the simplest options for using HTML and CSS in just a couple of days. And in general, this is a relatively simple direction to study.
JS is not a panacea. And in addition to obvious advantages, it also has some disadvantages:
— low reliability due to weak typification;
— not suitable for mobile application development.
Step 4. PHP
PHP is the language in which Facebook and Wikipedia are written. It has been a popular, universal and reliable language for more than 10 years, in which a huge number of web designers have been written. However, many advantages still hide disadvantages:
inconveniently organized library;
used mostly only in web development;
poor implementation of multithreading.
editors: Notepad++ or another suitable analogue,
database servers: MySQL, PostgreSQL,
frameworks: Symfony, Yii and others.
And also package managers, profilers, debuggers and more. So, learning PHP is not limited to learning the language itself – this should be remembered.
Step 5. Python
Today, many people call Python one of the most promising languages, and it really makes sense. It is actively used not only in web development and writing programs, but also in working with neural networks and Machine Learning. And these are the technologies of the future.
At the same time, Python cannot be called too difficult to learn. Learning it from scratch, of course, will not be easy. But, knowing another programming language, you can learn Python without much effort if you wish.
The disadvantages of Python are:
partial support for multithreading;
voracious, in his care will bypass even JS.
The most popular code editor for Python is PyCharm. And there are simply many additional technologies used with this programming language:
analysis: iPython, Anaconda and others,
Machine Learning: Scikit-learn, Keras,
web development: Django, Tornado,
managers: Pip, Conda.
By the way, Python has an unobvious advantage — an extremely friendly and loyal community of developers. You will be able to easily find answers to the questions that arise and get help from more experienced colleagues. And this is really important in the modern IT industry.
A small clarification
Accordingly, it is worth asking which market you plan to work on.
If the goal is money
HTML + CSS is the smallest to do web development, or rather layout. These are not programming languages in the literal sense, but you need to know them.
Java is a more complex language, but the salary of Java programmers is significantly higher.
PHP and Python are popular, albeit highly specialized, programming languages that allow you to make good money.